There are currently two types of licence for UK pilots, the UK CAA PPL (Aeroplane), and the UK CAA LAPL (Aeroplane). Both the licence requirements and the privileges differ.
PPL (A) or LAPL (A)?
Choosing which licence to go for is simple – if you want to fly with more than three passengers, in marginal weather conditions, you need the UK CAA PPL (A) licence. The PPL (A) has few restrictions and allows you to add the IR(R) instrument rating to your licence. The LAPL (A) is restricted to single engine aircraft, with a maximum take of weight of 2000kg and no more than 4 persons on board including the pilot.
Both licences are valid throughout Europe and can include the Night qualification.
Before you can apply for your licence, there are requirements that have to be met before the licence can be issued.
The first is a medical. If you are applying for the EASA PPL (A) or LAPL (A) licence, you will need to have passed a Class 1 or Class 2 medical certificate, issued by a CAA authorised medical examiner (AME).
There is also a minimum age for the licences to be issued. This is currently 17, although training can be started before this time.